Time Limit: 2000MS Memory Limit: 65536KB 64bit IO Format: %lld & %llu

Description

Advanced Cargo Movement, Ltd. uses trucks of different types. Some trucks are used for vegetable delivery, other for furniture, or for bricks. The company has its own code describing each type of a truck. The code is simply a string of exactly seven lowercase letters (each letter on each position has a very special meaning but that is unimportant for this task). At the beginning of company’s history, just a single truck type was used but later other types were derived from it, then from the new types another types were derived, and so on.

Today, ACM is rich enough to pay historians to study its history. One thing historians tried to find out is so called derivation plan — i.e. how the truck types were derived. They defined the distance of truck types as the number of positions with different letters in truck type codes. They also assumed that each truck type was derived from exactly one other truck type (except for the first truck type which was not derived from any other type). The quality of a derivation plan was then defined as

1/Σ(to,td)d(to,td)

where the sum goes over all pairs of types in the derivation plan such that t o is the original type and t d the type derived from it and d(t o,t d) is the distance of the types.
Since historians failed, you are to write a program to help them. Given the codes of truck types, your program should find the highest possible quality of a derivation plan.

Input

The input consists of several test cases. Each test case begins with a line containing the number of truck types, N, 2 <= N <= 2 000. Each of the following N lines of input contains one truck type code (a string of seven lowercase letters). You may assume that the codes uniquely describe the trucks, i.e., no two of these N lines are the same. The input is terminated with zero at the place of number of truck types.

Output

For each test case, your program should output the text “The highest possible quality is 1/Q.”, where 1/Q is the quality of the best derivation plan.

Sample Input

4
aaaaaaa
baaaaaa
abaaaaa
aabaaaa
0

Sample Output

The highest possible quality is 1/3.

Source


大意是一辆车改装成另一辆车的开销是两辆车名字中不同字符的个数,给你n辆车的名字,其中一辆是original的,求完成改装的开销。
每辆车看成一个点,两点之间的距离为改装开销,即可转化为最小生成树模型。
AC代码:
#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include <algorithm>
using namespace std;
int n;
string hehe[2010];
int fa[2010];
struct node
{
	int u, v, w;
	bool operator < (const node &b) const
	{
		return w < b.w;
	}
}e[4000010];
void input()
{
	for (int i = 1; i <= n; i++)
		cin >> hehe[i];
}
int dis(int a, int b)
{
	if (a == b)
		return 0;
	int res = 0;
	for (int i = 0; i < 7; i++)
		if (hehe[a][i] != hehe[b][i])
			res++;
	return res;
}
int findset(int x)
{
	if (fa[x] == x)
		return x;
	return fa[x] = findset(fa[x]);
}
int cnt;
void adde(int u, int v)
{
	e[cnt].u = u;
	e[cnt].v = v;
	e[cnt].w = dis(u, v);
	cnt++;
}
void solve()
{
	int ans = 0;
	for (int i = 1; i <= n; i++)
		fa[i] = i;
	cnt = 0;
	for (int i = 1; i <= n; i++)
		for (int j = 1; j < i; j++)
			if (i != j)
				adde(i, j);
	sort(e, e + cnt);
	for (int i = 0; i < cnt ; i++)
	{
		int fx = findset(e[i].u), fy = findset(e[i].v);
		if (fx != fy)
		{
			fa[fy] = fx;
			ans += e[i].w;
		}
	}
	cout << "The highest possible quality is 1/" << ans << ".\n";
}
int main()
{
	while (cin >> n && n)
	{
		input();
		solve();	
	}
	return 0;
}

 

分类: ACM/ICPC

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